Adina De Zavala was born in Harris County in 1861 to an Irish mother and Mexican father. She moved to San Antonio with her family in the 1880s and taught elementary school as a young woman. De Zavala once described herself as a "student and jealous lover of Texas history." A charter member of the Texas State Historical Association and a leader in the Daughters of the Republic of Texas, she barricaded herself in the Alamo for three days in 1908 to protest plans for its destruction. Her dramatic efforts became national news and focused public attention on the landmark's preservation. More»

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Adina De Zavala, c. 1900s. This photo was published on the cover of sheet music for "Remember the Alamo," by Jessie Beattie Thomas, 1908. Courtesy of the Institute of Texan Cultures.