September 3, 1915–May 5, 1999
The writer and folklorist Américo Paredes was born in Brownsville in 1915. Even as a youth, he saw that a distinct culture had emerged in the Rio Grande Valley—not just Mexican or American, but a blend of both.
After serving as an Army journalist during World War II, Paredes returned to his home state to train as a scholar. In 1956, he became the first Mexican American to receive a doctorate in English from The University of Texas.
Paredes made the border the focus of his forty-year career. He studied and celebrated the distinctive stories and humor of the lower Rio Grande, at the same time fighting to correct prejudice against Mexicans and Mexican Americans.
Paredes described his most famous work of scholarship—titled With His Pistol in His Hand—as "two books in one." It tells the story of Gregorio Cortez, a Tejano ranchhand accused of murder who evaded capture by the Texas Rangers for more than a week. The book is also a pioneering study of the border ballads—or corridos—that later portrayed Cortez as a symbol of courage and resistance.
Paredes also wrote poetry and fiction and inspired writers of the Chicano literary movement in the sixties and seventies.
Paredes died in 1999. He is now regarded as one of the foremost Mexican American scholars of the twentieth century.
The Nettie Lee Benson Latin American Collection at The University of Texas at Austin holds the Américo Paredes Papers, which include correspondence, creative works, printed material, sound recordings, photographic material, and artifacts from his life and work.
In the final decade of his life, both the American and Mexican governments recognized Paredes's accomplishments. In 1989, the National Endowment for the Humanities presented Paredes with the Charles Frankel Prize in honor of his outstanding contributions to the public's understanding of the humanities. In 1990, Paredes received the Orden Mexicana del Águila Azteca, the highest honor that Mexico presents to citizens of other countries.
Crimm, Carolina Castillo. "Américo Paredes." In Writing the Story of Texas, eds. Patrick L. Cox and Kenneth E. Henderson Jr. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2013.
Bauman, Richard and Américo Paredes. Folklore and Culture on the Texas-Mexican Border. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1995.
Hinojosa, Clarissa E. and Juan Carlos Rodríguez. "Paredes, Américo." Handbook of Texas Online. Accessed September 1, 2015.
Límon, José E. Américo Paredes: Culture and Critique. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2012.
Medrano, Manuel. Américo Paredes: In His Own Words, An Authorized Biography. Denton: University of North Texas Press, 2010.
Paredes, Américo. With His Pistol in His Hand: A Border Ballad and Its Hero. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1958.
Paredes, Américo. George Washington Gómez: A Mexicotexan Novel. Houston: Arte Público Press, 1990.
Santos, John Phillip. "Américo Paredes vs. J. Frank Dobie." Texas Monthly, October 2019.
Download the Spanish translation of this Texas Originals script.